Caritas Zambia is a Catholic Organization that is an Integral structure of the Zambia Conference of Catholic Bishops (ZCCB). The Conference of Bishops is a permanent grouping of Bishops of a given nation or territory that jointly exercises certain pastoral functions on behalf of the Christian faithful of their territory. This is done for the sake of effective evangelization. To promote the principle of the common good which the Church offers humankind, especially through forms and programmes of the apostolate which are fittingly adapted to the circumstances of the time and place, is the role of Bishops.
In order to effectively carry out its mandate of evangelization, ZCCB has established operational structures among which are Commissions, the Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace (CCJP) and the Catholic Commission for Development (CCD). The Bishops' Conference is served by a National Secretariat (the Catholic Secretariat) which anchors the work of various Commissions under the Conference. Since 2007, the CCJP and CCD have been operating under the animation of Caritas Zambia whose legal status is held within the legal status of the Zambia Episcopal Conference, as at the moment, but following reviews being made to the ZEC statutes, the legal status of the organization will be held within the Zambia Conference of Catholic Bishops (ZCCB).